ASSAMESE SONGS

Through language, people exchange feelings and emotions among each other. This is common to all, although languages are different according to races, communities and localities. Language is the commonest and simplest way of communicating feelings and expression. Expression of language also have several forms like talking, writing, sounding, acting, dancing and singing. Of all these forms, dancing and singing are the most beautiful but complex way of expressing feelings and emotions. People express feelings and emotions by moving body parts in different ways in artistic manner with the rhythm of music and voice, is called as dance. Similarly, songs are also the most beautiful and finest art of vocal expression of human feelings-emotions with rhythm of musical instruments together. Like languages, songs of different languages, community, races, and localities are different. Even then songs have similarities in basics as human feelings and emotions are same.   

            In Assamese language, a bountiful store house of songs prevail. Assamese songs are of diversified to a great extent and flourish like a colourful composite flower having petals of different colours. As the Assamese community has been transforming continuously with joining together by different races since time unmemorable, Assamese songs are also admixture of contributions of all these races and communities. At present time also, this colourful composite flowers of Assamese songs has been growing. Thus, among Assamese songs we get traditional songs and modern songs. Traditional songs are more acceptable by people as a whole, because these songs since their time of creation, have been persisting since long back generations after generations. And still their acceptances by mass people remain unchanged. Like undisrupted flow of ever flowing river, Assamese traditional songs have been flowing carrying their purest beauty generation after generation. This is possible only when the cultural workers play their responsible duties to allow this undisrupted, unpolluted flow for future generation. If irresponsible forces add impurities, the beauty of these traditional songs will lost and future generation may not accept the impure traditional songs. And ultimately such traditional songs may be lost with passage of time. Thus we get the original form of Borgeets created by great duo saints Shree Shree Sankardev and Shree Shree Madhabdev. These songs form have been flowing like an ever flowing cultural rive without impurities and now we get what they had created. Cultural workers since then time have been playing great role in carrying the original forms of these songs generation to generation then now to present generation. Another best example of Assamese traditional songs is the Kamrupiya Lokogeets. This song form have been maintaining its original form generation to generation with specific instrumental music composition since the Puran Era of Great Kamrupa. And in our present time we can enjoy the beauty and flavour of these Kamrupiya Lokogeets. Same are the cases with other traditional forms of Assamese songs such as Biya Nam, Barpetiya Holi Geet, Nagara Nam, Ojapali, Ai Nam, Thiya Nam, Thagi Nam, Juna Nam, Dhulia, Diha Nam, Tokari or Dehbisar Geet, Jikir-Jari, Oinitum, Bihu, Kherem, Goalporiya Loko Geets, Jumur geet etc.

The other division of Assamese songs is modern songs. Modern Assamese songs are present songs created by different lyricists according to his/her capacity. Assamese modern songs has a rich background. These songs are in basic poetic in structure, but achieved the highest form of poetic literature. The time line to draw where from modern Assamese songs begin is difficult. It may be presumed that along with the development of modern Assamese literature, these songs also got space for their presence. Thus songs created so far from Jonaki era of Assamese literature since today are modern Assamese songs. This song form is typical in expressing various feelings, emotions, problems, beauty etc. In general, subject matter of these songs are love, family and personal struggle, nature, social, patriotic, revolution, community struggle, history. Although, so many lyricists created these modern Assamese songs, lyrics of few lyricists have achieved particular form such as “Jyoti Sangeet” of Rupkowar Jyotiprasad Agarwala, “Bishnu Sangeet” of Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha, “Bhupendra Sangeet of Sudha Kantha Bhupen Hazarika. Creations of these great lyricists are of particular form that achieved the highest level of public popularity.  Modern Assamese songs of some other great lyricist like Lakhinath Bezbaruah, Parboti Prasad Baruah, Nirmal Prabha Bardoloi, Nalini Bala Devi, Annandiram Das, Purusattum Das, Rudra Baruah, Kamalananda Bhattacharjee, Toffujal Ali Ahmed, Dijendra Mohan Sarmah are also evergreen Assamese songs.